History of the area

Great Marlborough Street has a long and illustrious history. Originally the land belonged to the Mercer’s Company, it was surrendered to Henry VIII in 1563. Subsequently the land was owned by a local brewer Thomas Wilson, who’s son sold it in 1662 to William Maddox when it became known as Millfield. The land was sublet and it was not until the early 18th century that the street began to be developed.


Great Marlborough Street was named after John Churchill, the 1st Duke of Marlborough, in 1704.

Prime Quality

Five peers were living in Great Marlborough Street in 1716 (out of a hundred summoned before the King), including the Earl of Bute.


The site comprised two properties which formed part of a terrace with a central yard area located between the buildings. Probable use was either commercial or residential.

Home of the Arts

Soho begins to become a home to the creative scene with many artists living in the area, such as poet Percy Shelley.

Law and Order

The 1900’s saw Marlborough Street police court becomes one of countries highest profile courts, with cases such as MP Hugh Watt’s attempt to procure Herbert Marshall to murder his former wife.


The area was subject to bombing during WW2 and bomb damage was noted in the surrounding area. German bombers were limited by fuel and British fighter opposition therefore the West End was less heavily bombed than other parts of London. The site itself escaped damage.


Marlborough Street Magistrates Court see celebrities such as John Lennon, Mick Jagger and Marianne Faithful in the dock.

1960s Onwards

Post war, the area was redeveloped and the existing property was constructed. Changes to the building were made in the coming years including the conversion of the car park to retail.